Cellulite: Causes, Treatment, And Prevention

Cellulite is a serious cosmetic concern for most of the 90% of women affected by it. Cellulite (also known as orange peel syndrome) is the protrusion of subcutaneous fat within fibrous connective tissue that is seen on the skin as dimpling and nodularity, often on the pelvic region (specifically the buttocks), lower limbs, and abdomen. Cellulite occurs in most post-pubertal females and rarely in males.

Although cellulite involves fat cells, it is not a manifestation of obesity, and even young women with a normal body mass index (BMI) may get it. However, being overweight aggravates the presence of cellulite.

The causes of cellulite include changes in metabolism, alteration of connective tissue structure, hormonal factors, genetic factors, and other associated factors.

There are many products and treatments that promise to get rid of cellulite on thighs and buttocks. But there is little evidence that shows that long term improvement can be achieved. The options available are as follows-

1. Cellulite creams. These creams are said to dissolve fat and smoothen the skin with most containing aminophylline. There is no scientific evidence that these creams are effective against cellulite, and their apparent effect may be due to narrowing blood vessels and forcing water from the skin. This can cause a problem with people having heart disease and it can also cause allergies.

2. Mesotherapy. Mesotherapy is a therapy originally developed in Europe and involves injecting substances such as vitamins, minerals, amino acids, and enzymes into the tissue just beneath the skin. Mesotherapy may break down fat and bring a slight improvement in the appearance of cellulite and is associated with risks. Not everybody gets improvement and it should not be used in people having liver disease.

3. Massage and spa treatments. Massage and other spa treatments may have a temporary effect on the dimpling appearance of skin and they do not remove cellulite. Any effect is short-lived and probably due to the removal of excess fluid.

4. Laser treatment. The device can melt fat under the skin, break up the fibrous bands under the skin, and stimulate collagen production. The result can be achieved only after many sessions and is not permanent.

5. Radio frequency and Ultrasound treatment. Radiofrequency assisted micro-needling is the best and the most predictable way of improving the cellulite. These technologies whether bipolar or monopolar cause remodeling of the collagen and reducing the orange peel appearance.

6. Subcision. Deep skin dimples have to be released using a probe so that the fiber attaching the skin to the underlying muscle is snapped.

7. Liposuction India. This is a surgical procedure to remove fat deposits from the body. Highly selective Liposuction, though, removes the fat, not cellulite, which is just beneath the skin. High definition liposuction will make the depressions less prominent when the fat removal is uniform. This, when combined with radiofrequency, helps in tightening of the skin and better-looking skin.

Cellulite Prevention-

1. Maintain a healthy diet to avoid getting cellulite. Avoid eating foods that are high in sugar, cholesterol and saturated fats. These include all deep-fried foods, sugary pastries, sodas, and candies. Make sure to eat two to three servings of leafy greens and fruits.

2. Brush your skin with a loofah sponge or skin brush when bathing or showering which can prevent the formation of cellulite by stimulating your lymph and blood flow as well as eliminating dead surface skin cells.

3. Avoid intoxicating things like alcoholic beverages, cigarettes, and drugs. These harmful toxins can slow down and/or damage your liver and kidneys, which in turn will slow your body’s ability to eliminate waste products, which can cause cellulite formation.

4. Massage your body using oil atleast once a week. Regular body massage is not only relaxing, but it can also prevent fat deposits from dimpling your skin as well as lessen the appearance of existing cellulite.

5. Toning up exercises go a long way in improving the cellulite and prevent new cellulite formation.

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